In my last post on biology, I started outlining one of the basic properties of cells. The first point I made was that cells are highly complex as well as organized. In this second post in the series, we will go over a second point:
DNA is what genes are made of. The information in our genes is what we are constructed according to (and by “we,” I mean all organisms). Amongst humans, specifically, the genetic program is especially detailed and remarkable. This information, which if converted into mere words could fill millions of pages of text, is packaged into a set of chromosomes. These chromosomes take up the space of a cell nucleus, which is incredibly small and hundreds of times smaller than anything the human eye could depict (Karp 2013).
Genes are the blueprints that are utilized by our bodies in order to construct cellular structures, direct the processes of cellular activities, and to program for producing more of themselves. Genes, then, can be said to be far more than just the storage lockers for information about “us.” Genes have a molecular structure that make mutations possible, changing genetic information and leading to variation among individuals of a species. This is the basis of evolution (Karp 2013).
Though this post was incredibly brief, there is a lot more to talk about concerning the basic properties of cells. For some properties, there is a lot more to discuss than for other properties. In the upcoming posts I will consider either combining several points or continue to post each individually, but with a greater frequency because this amount of information should not be too difficult to digest.
A prospective medical student, looking to help others succeed.